It wasn’t until my daughter decided to do a 4-H rabbit project that we learned how easy it can be to litter train these charming little animals. Since rabbits tend to deposit their feces in one or two places within their cage, it’s simply a matter of placing the litter box in that location and changing the litter material daily.
Litter boxes for rabbits aren’t terribly expensive and range between $3 to $6. However, since our rabbit does seem to like chewing on things, the sides of his litter box will typically be chomped down to the base within a few months. Five or six new litter boxes a year can add up to a significant chunk of cash, and to stretch our budget we began making our own rabbit litter boxes from clean, plastic laundry soap jugs. These litter boxes are easy to make, and can be recycled with your #2 household plastics once they’ve been gnawed apart.
To make the bunny litter box as shown, all that is required is a clean, 2 gallon sized plastic laundry soap jug, a sharp utility knife, and a scrap of sandpaper.
Beginning at the top corner, cut a 45 degree angle down the short side, stopping at about 3″ to 4″ from the bottom corner. For dwarf varieties or very younger rabbits, you may wish to cut the sides down to 2 inches.
Returning to the top corner again, this time cut a 90 degree angle down the long side, stopping again at about 3″ to 4″ above the bottom.
Cut away the remaining sides so that you are left with a ledge all around the ends, except for the angled corner. The reason for the higher back side of the litter box is to contain the shavings as the rabbit digs through the litter. It will also prevent him from backing up so far as to miss the litter box altogether.
The final step is to gently sand the edges to remove any rough spots.
Before placing in the cage, rinse throughly to remove all traces of soap and dry thoroughly before filling with litter. Don’t use cat litter or clumping litters since these can make a rabbit ill. A better alternative are aspen shavings, paper pulp pellets, or even shredded paper or newspaper.
Once the litter has been placed in the litter box, include some soiled litter so that your rabbit will understand that this is his new litter box. Your rabbit’s new litter boxes should be changed daily, and cleaned periodically with a mild solution of warm water and vinegar.